Origin of the Species : Mercedes-Benz 190E 2.3-16
Sat, 02/20/2010 - 10:07 — admin
The car’s trademark was the high elasticity of the Cosworth-developed engine (the British engineering company undertook extensive work on the engine's light-alloy cylinder head). All this took place before the days of AMG's involvement with the tuning of performance production Mercedes-Benz vehicles (at the time of the 190E's launch AMG was not yet a part of Mercedes-Benz).
The engine was combined with a manual five-speed transmission tuned for sporty performance with a 'dog-leg' first gear and second-to-fifth gears in a racing 'H' pattern. Self-leveling suspension on the rear axle was also a standard feature.
In fact, it wasn't until towards the end of the 190E's life that AMG rolled out their offerings: an 16V AMG Power Pack (for the later 2.5-16 and Evo 1/2) and a very limited production (about 200 vehicles in total) of an AMG-fettled variant: the 190E 3.2 AMG.
The 16-valve unit had four V-shaped overhead valves per cylinder controlled by two overhead camshafts. Air-bathed injection valves were positioned in each case just before the point at which the intake ducts divided, spraying the fuel evenly into each of the eight ducts.
From a displacement of 2.3L, the power unit developed 185bhp at 6200rpm and 235Nm at 4500rpm. The century sprint was dispatched in 7.5 seconds with a top speed of 230km/h.